10 Years After Fukushima

Bundesamt fĂĽr die Sicherheit der nuklearen Entsorgung

On 11 March 2011, at 14.46 pm local time, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale struck the north of the main Japanese island of Honshu. A little later on, a tsunami reached the north-eastern coast of the island, with devastating consequences for the people living in the region.

As a result of the earthquake, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (also referred to as Fukushima-1 or Fukushima-I in the media) consisting of six boiling-water reactors was severely damaged and lost its connection to the public grid. In the aftermath between 12 and 15 March 2011 several hydrogen explosions occurred and led to a massive destruction of the reactor buildings of units 1, 3 and 4. Large amounts of radioactive substances were released into the environment.

This scientific technical report not only analyses the accident and the current condition of the damaged reactors but also sums up the long-term plans for the European Union’s exit from nuclear energy.